The Dynamics of Poverty in South Sulawesi: Perspectives from the Community, NGOs, and Government

Main Article Content

Hasmin Tamsah
Jumiaty Nurung


The aim of this research is to gain an in-depth understanding of poverty in South Sulawesi from the perspective of the poor, focusing on subjective and objective factors influencing their conditions. Employing a qualitative approach and grounded theory methodology, this research explores the lived experiences of the poor in three districts with the highest poverty rates, namely Jeneponto, Bone, and North Toraja, to identify the causes and impacts of poverty from their standpoint. The research findings indicate that poverty in South Sulawesi is a complex phenomenon influenced by various external and internal factors, including living conditions, family structure, access to employment, income, attitudes towards life, work, and family, as well as government policy influences. The novelty of this research lies in the introduction of the "sapulung program" as a poverty alleviation solution, proposing a multidimensional approach to address subjective and objective factors in poverty. Limitations of this research primarily relate to the geographic scope and number of research subjects, which may constrain the generalizability of the findings. The implications of this research for practice underscore the need for the government and other stakeholders to adopt a more holistic approach in addressing poverty, considering both subjective and objective aspects, and empowering women as key to effective poverty alleviation.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tamsah, H. ., & Nurung, J. . (2024). The Dynamics of Poverty in South Sulawesi: Perspectives from the Community, NGOs, and Government. Economics and Digital Business Review, 5(2), 166–176.


Addae-korankye, A. (2019). Theories of Poverty: A Critical Review. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development, 48(2012), 55–62.

Alvarez, S. A., Barney, J. B., & Newman, A. M. B. (2015). The poverty problem and the industrialization solution. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32(1), 23–37.

Beeghley, L. (2015). The Structure of Social Stratification in the United States, The, CourseSmart eTextbook. Routledge.

Bradshaw, T. K. (2007). Theories of Poverty and Anti-Poverty Programs in Community Development. The Journal of the Community Development Society, 38(1), 7–25.

Brady, D. (2019). Theories of the Causes of Poverty. Annual Review of Sociology, 45, 155–175.

Bryant, A., & Charmaz, K. (2010). The SAGE Handbook of Grounded Theory: Paperback Edition. SAGE.

Carr, E. (2008). Rethinking poverty alleviation: A “poverties” approach. Development in Practice, 18(6), 726–734.

Chaudhry, I. S. (2009). Poverty alleviation in southern punjab (pakistan): An empirical evidence from the project area of asian development bank. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 1(23), 23–32.

Chen, S., & Ravallion, M. (2010). The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty. The Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Cherry, R. (1995). The Culture-of-Poverty Thesis and African Americans: The Work of Gunnar Myrdal and Other Institutionalists. Journal of Economic Issues, 29(4), 1119–1132.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Darling, R. B. (2000). The partnership model in human services: Sociological foundations and practices. Springer Science & Business Media.

Davis, K., & Moore, W. E. (1945). Some principles of stratification. American Sociological Review, 10(2), 242–249.

Desmond, M., & Western, B. (2018). Poverty in America: New directions and debates. Annual Review of Sociology, 44(May), 305–318.

Eames, E., & Goode, J. (1970). On Lewis’ Culture of Poverty Concept. Current Anthropology, 11(4/5), 479–482.

European Commission. (2004). Joint report by the Commission and the Council on social inclusion.

Gans, H. (1995). The War Against the Poor: The Underclass and Antipoverty Policy. Https://Www.Washingtonpost.Com/Wp-Srv/Style/Longterm/Books/Chap1/Waragain.Htm.

Green, M., & Hulme, D. (2005). From correlates and characteristics to causes: Thinking about poverty from a chronic poverty perspective. World Development, 33(6), 867–879.

Grusky, B. D. (2001). Social stratification: Race, class and gender. Westview Press.

Heims, S. (1978). Kurt Lewin and social change. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 14(3), 238–241.<238::AID-JHBS2300140308>3.0.CO;2-5

Hirway, I. (2010). Understanding Poverty : Insights of the Poor. Unpaid Work and the Economy, 22–57.

Kiely, R. (2005). Globalization and poverty, and the poverty of globalization theory. Current Sociology, 53(6).

Lewis, O. (1966). The Culture of Poverty. Scientific American, 215(4), 19–25.

Lister, R. (2015). To count for nothing’: Poverty beyond the statistics. Journal of the British Academy, September, 139–165.

Mandell, B., & Schram, B. (2003). An Introduction to human services: Politic and practice. Pearson Education Inc.

McIntyre, L. (2013). The practical skeptic: Core concepts in sociology. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Myrdal, G. (1970). Objectivity in Social Research. Gerald Duckworth & Company Limited, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC2.

Myrdal, G., Myint, H., & Myrdal, G. (1968). Asian Drama: an Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations. In The Swedish Journal of Economics (Vol. 70, Issue 4). Published in Great Britain by Allen Lane the Penguin Press.

Oladeji, S. I., & Abiola, A. G. (2000). Poverty alleviation with economic growth strategy: Prospects and challenges in contemporary Nigeria. Journal of Social Development in Africa, 15(2), 33–54.

Qu, T. (2017). Poverty alleviation in China–plan and action. China Journal of Social Work, 10(1), 79–85.

Rank, M. R. (2004). One nation underprivileged: Why American poverty affects us all. New York, NY: Oxford Press.

Roach, J. L. (1967). An Evaluation of the Concept “Culture of Poverty.” Social Forces, 45(3), 383–392.

Sadeq, A. M. (1997). Poverty Alleviation: An Islamic Perspective. Humanomics, 13(3), 110–134.

Sameti, M., Dallali Esfahani, R., Haghighi, H. K., Sameti Majid;Rahim Dallali Esfahani;Hassan Karnameh Haghighi, Sameti Majid, Esfahani, R. D., & Haghighi, H. K. (2012). Theories of Poverty: A Comparative Analysis. Arabianjbmr.Com, 1(6), 1–16.

Schein, E. H. (1949). Kurt Lewin ’ s Change Theory in the Field and in the Classroom : Notes Toward a Model of Managed Learning I . “ There is Nothing So Practical as a Good Theory :” Lewin ’ s Change Model Elaborated 2 . Induction of Guilt or Survival Anxiety. Anxiety, 1–17.

Singer, P. (2002). Poverty, Facts, and Political Philosophies: Response to “More Than Charity.” 16(1), 121–128.

Stolarski, M., Fieulaine, N., & van Beek, W. (2015). Time perspective theory; Review, research and application: Essays in honor of Philip G. Zimbardo. Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application: Essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo, 1–551.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: PT Alfabet. In Sugiyono. (2017). MetodePenelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: PT Alfabet.

Tamsah, H., Ilyas, G. B., Nurung, J., & Yusriadi, Y. (2023). Model Testing and Contribution of Antecedent Variable to Absolute Poverty: Low Income Family Perspective in Indonesia. Sustainability, 2023(15), 1–16.

Tamsah, H., Poli, W. I. M., Bata, G., & Nurung, J. (2020). Women in low income families and their quality of life : A study with a grounded research approach in South Sulawesi ଝ. Enfermería Clínica, 30, 378–381.

Taylor, K. A. (2009). Poverty’s Multiple Dimensions. Journal of Educational Contoversy, 4(1), 20.

Wright, E. O. (1995). The class analysis of poverty. International Journal of Health Services, 25(1), 85–100.